West Highland Terrier puppy.

Small Breed Dogs

Definition


Small breed dogs are dogs weighing up to 20 pounds at adult weight. Their small size and lively, energetic character explain their growing household popularity. Small breeds are also frequently fussy eaters. This behaviour is accentuated by their special requirements and the fact that owners often give them treats and table scraps, leading to poor habits. 


Characteristics


In contrast to what you might think, miniature and toy dogs have much higher energy requirements per unit of body weight than larger dogs. For example, a dog of 130 lbs needs 3000 kcal per day, whereas a 6 1/2 lb dog needs 300 kcal per day. 

Small dogs are also noted for their long life spans - from 14 - 16 years. 


Small puppies require the correct levels of protein, carbohydrates and fat necessary for optimal skeletal short space of time. 


Small dogs have small mouths and jaws. It is important to take this into account when choosing a food for your puppy. Good brands of dry foods are specially formulated to be appropriate for the small breed puppy.  


Small breed's digestive tract represents 7% of their total body weight. It is critical to adapt the digestibility of your dog's food to the size of the dogs digestive tract. 

Example of small breeds

  • Chihuahua
  • Maltese
  • Maltipoo
  • Miniature Poodle
  • Yorkshire Terrier (Yorkie)
  • Havanese
  • Havapoo
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • Cavipoo
  • Miniature Pincher (MinPin)
  • Miniature Schnauzer
  • Bichon
  • Boston Terrier
  • Brussels Griffon
  • Miniature Dachshund
  • Japanese Chin
  • Papillon
  • Peekapoo
  • Pomeranian
  • Pug
  • Shih Tzu
  • Yorkiepoo
  • Pomchi
  • West Highland Terrier