Dental Care

Brushing teeth for dogs.

Temporary Teeth

The temporary teeth fall out easily and are often not found (the dog swallows them). Occasionally, temporary teeth persist along-side the adult teeth and may need to be extracted in order to prevent misplacement and decay of the adult teeth.

Caring for Teeth

Dogs are rarely cooperative when it comes to handling their mouths. The teeth should be white and should not have tartar buildup. It is therefore necessary to clean your dog's teeth.

It is wise to start dental care when they are puppies, so they grow accustomed to having their teeth brushed. The most efficient way is to use a toothbrush and toothpaste specially designed for dogs. The dog's teeth should be brushed several times a week. After a while, tartar removal by a veterinarian may be the only solution.  


Temporary teeth                 1 month

Permanent teeth                  4 months

Permanent Canine teeth     5-6 months

Puppy Hygiene

Dog is waiting for a bath.


We do recommend to bath your puppy no more then ones a month. Full bath can dry their skin. It is important to use only special shampoo for dogs as they are less acidic then human products. 

Before bathing your puppy, brush out his coat to remove any tangles. Wet the puppy's entire body with lukewarm water. Lather up the shampoo, being careful not to get any in the ears or eyes. Allow the shampoo to work for a few minutes and then rinse thoroughly. It is best to rinse the head last, or the puppy may want to shake. 

Wipe the puppy down vigorously and leave him in a warm room. In summer he can dry outside. If your puppy will tolerate it, you can use a hairdryer on "low" or "cool" setting. Be careful not to burn him. Brush him out while drying. 


  • If the puppy is walking in a dirt, you don't have to give him a full bath. Just wipe or wash his paws or the dirty spots and towel it dry. 
  • Pet stores carry coat conditioners with different senses. Apply it on dry hair or fur and give your puppy a good brush. 

Puppy Grooming

Yorkshire Terrier is getting groomed.

Trimming Nails

All puppies need proper nail care. Please don't let your fear of hurting your puppy stop you from taking care of his nails. Most pets are indoors a great deal of the time where they walk on softer surfaces like a carpet and the nails don't wear down to an acceptable length. That means that these dogs will need to have their nails clipped on a regular basis. Nails that are left too long can become very painful for your puppy's feet, and painful for you if your  dog jumps up and scratches you. As for a dogs who go outside a lot, their nails naturally wear down from being on the outdoor surfaces

Handle your puppy's feet at a young age, so when the time to trim comes, it won't be uncomfortable. Use nail clippers made for dogs. Hold your puppy's foot and gently push down with your thumb at the base of each nail. This will cause the nail to extend slightly, making it easier to see the nail. 

Be sure to avoid cutting the quick at the nail bed. The quickis visible in clear nails as a pink triangle. In dark nails, the quick can be detected by looking for traces on the underside of the nails. In both cases, trim below the marks. Cut each nail back just a little at a time until you get close to the quick. 

Brushing and combing

No matter what type of coat a dog has, hair dies and new hair grows in its place. Regular brushing will help remove dead hair and will keep your puppy's coat shiny and healthy. The frequency and the type of equipment used will vary depending on the nature of the coat. Trim away hair that is likely to become tangled or dirty.